Audiences can be engaged and encouraged to participate during the entire story development and publication process – both with face-to-face events and through social media and other communication channels. The Constructive Institute has mapped out a plan in which a variety of actors – from the general public to decision-makers and other stakeholders – can enrich reporting.
Idea development: Before finding a story, see if you can involve the public so you can learn which issues are important to them. You can reach out to them via social media, surveys, newsletters or on other platforms.
Research: Once the story topic has been found, consider involving the public in researching it. That way you can access new knowledge, find sources and get unexpected input by going beyond the “usual suspects”. The goal is to arrive at a mutual understanding of the issue, not just your personal perception of it.
Writing: As the story is coming together, consider reaching out to the public when new issues or angles come up. Maybe it’s a dynamic situation and things are changing frequently. Get input along the way. Do you show members of the public your drafts for input? Some reporters even engage in co-writing strategies.
After publication: Once the story is out there, solicit feedback. How was it received? What were its strengths and shortcomings? Should there be a follow-up piece? Use this feedback to inform which stories you’ll cover in the future and how you’ll cover them.
22 questions to complicate the narrative
Journalist Amanda Ripley and the Solutions Journalism Network (SJN) promote an approach to conducting interviews on polarizing issues whose roots lie in conflict mediation. Called “Complicating the Narrative”, it aims to introduce more complexity into conversations and help journalists get at the deeper reasons people feel the way they do. SJN has put together a list of 22 questions that can help reporters get beyond the usual talking points and defensive positions common in interviews on hot-button topics.
Amplify contradictions and widen the lens
What is dividing us on this issue?
How do you decide which information to trust?
What is oversimplified about this issue?
Where do you feel torn?
Is there any part of the (other side’s) position that makes sense to you?
Understand people’s motivations
Why is this important to you?
Which experiences have shaped your views?
What do you want the other side to understand about you?
What do you want to understand about the other side?
How has this conflict affected your life?
What would change in your life if more people agreed with your stance?
What would it be like if people didn’t agree with your stance?
Listen more and better
Tell me more about that.
How do you feel, telling this story?
Where does that (feeling, emotion, position, distrust, paranoia) come from?
Can I interrupt you? I want to make sure I have everything right.
What’s the question nobody is asking?
Expose people to the other tribe and counter confirmation bias
What do you think the other group thinks of you?
What do you think the other side wants?
What do you already know, and want to understand, about the position on the other side?
Help me make sense of this. Because a lot of other people are saying ‘X’…
Is there anything about how the media portrays you or people with your views that feels inaccurate?